National Council for the Defense of Democracy – Forces for the Defense of Democracy

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National Council for the Defense of Democracy–Forces for the Defense of Democracy

Conseil National Pour la Défense de la Démocratie–Forces pour la Défense de la Démocratie
President of BurundiGeneral Évariste Ndayishimiye
Party PresidentPascal Nyabenda
Permanent VisionaryPierre Nkurunziza
Founded1994
RegisteredJanuary 2005
HeadquartersBujumbura, Burundi
Youth wingImbonerakure
IdeologyHutu nationalism
ColorsRed, Green, White
Senate
34 / 43
National Assembly
86 / 123
Party flag
Flag of the CNDD-FDD.svg
Website
http://cndd-fdd.org/

The National Council for the Defense of Democracy – Forces for the Defense of Democracy (French: Conseil National Pour la Défense de la Démocratie – Forces pour la Défense de la Démocratie, or CNDD–FDD) is the major political party in Burundi. During the Burundian Civil War, the CNDD–FDD was the most significant rebel group active and became a major political party in Burundi. In March 2012, Pascal Nyabenda was elected as President of CNDD–FDD. Then on 20 August 2016, General Évariste Ndayishimiye was, in the extraordinary congress that took place in Gitega, elected as the Secretary General of the Party.

During the civil war, CNDD was the political wing of the organization, while the FDD was the military wing. It was founded in 1994, a year after the assassination of the first democratically elected President Melchior Ndadaye. The political wing was dominated by Hutu intellectuals from the southern region of Bururi led by Leonard Nyangoma, while the fighting wing was composed of troops drawn from throughout the country, which led to a split in the group in 2001.

The rebel group was often referred to simply as Forces for the Defense of Democracy (FDD).

In 2001, the CNDD– FDD consisted of about 25,000 rebels led by Jean-Bosco Ndayikengurukiye. However a schism in October 2001 led to the overthrow of Ndayikengurukiye by Pierre Nkurunziza. The Nkurunziza-led faction, consisting of 20,000 to 22,000 troops signed a ceasefire with the government in December 2002 but continued fighting. The faction led by Ndayikengurukiye became the lesser of the two with about 5,000 fighters. It also signed a ceasefire with the government in October 2002 to which it has roughly held.

At an official ceremony on January 2005, the group registered as a legal political party. In largely peaceful parliamentary elections on 4 July 2005, the CNDD won an estimated 60 to 80 percent of the vote, making it likely that a CNDD representative would be chosen the president in August. Pierre Nkurunziza indeed was elected President of Burundi unopposed on August 19. At the legislative elections, the party won 57.8% and 64 out of 118 seats.

CNDD–FDD's youth wing is led by Hon Sylvestre Ndayizeye.

In June 2020, Nkurunziza died while still serving as President of Burundi and was succeeded by Ndayishimiye. Prior to Nkurunziza's death, Ndayishimiye had been elect President of Burundi in elections which were held in May 2020.

Electoral history[edit]

Presidential elections[edit]

Election Party candidate Votes % Result
President elected by National Assembly and Senate
2005 Pierre Nkurunziza 151 94.4% Elected Green tickY
President elected by popular vote
2010 Pierre Nkurunziza 2,479,483 91.62% Elected Green tickY
2015 1,961,510 69.41% Elected Green tickY
2020 Évariste Ndayishimiye 3,082,210 71.45% Elected Green tickY

National Assembly elections[edit]

Election Party leader Votes % Seats +/– Position Government
2005 Hussein Radjabu 1,417,800 58.55%
64 / 118
Increase 64 Increase 1st Majority government
2010 Jérémie Ngendakumana 1,848,023 81.19%
81 / 106
Increase 17 Steady 1st Supermajority government
2015 Pascal Nyabenda 1,721,629 60.28%
86 / 121
Increase 5 Steady 1st Supermajority government
2020 3,036,286 70.98%
86 / 123
Steady Steady 1st Supermajority government

Senate elections

Election Party leader Seats +/– Position Government
2005 Hussein Radjabu
32 / 49
Increase 32 Increase 1st Majority
2010 Jérémie Ngendakumana
32 / 41
Steady Steady 1st Supermajority
2015 Pascal Nyabenda
33 / 43
Increase 1 Steady 1st Supermajority
2020
34 / 43
Increase 1 Steady 1st Supermajority

Further reading[edit]

  • Nindorera, Willy (2012). The CNDD–FDD in Burundi: The Path from Armed to Political Struggle. Berlin: Berghof-Stiftung für Konfliktforschung. ISBN 978-3-941514-06-5. OCLC 873376633.

External links[edit]