José Saraiva Martins
José Saraiva Martins, C.M.F.
|Prefect Emeritus of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints|
Cardinal Saraiva Martins on 20 April 2017.
|Appointed||30 May 1998|
|Term ended||9 July 2008|
|Other posts||Cardinal-Bishop of Palestrina|
|Ordination||16 March 1957|
by Ettore Cunial
|Consecration||2 July 1988|
by Agostino Casaroli
|Created cardinal||21 February 2001|
by Pope John Paul II
|Born||6 January 1932|
Gagos de Jarmelo, Guarda, Portugal
|Motto||Veritas in charitate|
|Coat of arms|
José Saraiva Martins
|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
|See||Palestrina (titular see)|
José Saraiva Martins, C.M.F., GCC (born 6 January 1932) is a Portuguese Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He is the Prefect Emeritus of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints, having served as prefect from 1998 to 2008.
Born in Gagos de Jarmelo in Guarda, Portugal, to Antonio and Maria (née da Natividade Martins) Saraiva, he joined the Congregation of the Missionary Sons of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, commonly known as the Claretians, and professed his vows on 22 August 1950. Saraiva Martins was ordained as a priest by Archbishop Ettore Cunial on 16 March 1957. He studied at the Pontifical Gregorian University and the Pontifical University of St. Thomas Aquinas (Angelicum) in Rome, where he earned a licentiate and a doctorate (respectively) in theology.
Saraiva Martins taught metaphysics for a year in Marino, Italy, then in 1959 came to the Roman Claretianum, where he taught fundamental and sacramental theology for a decade. He became rector of the Pontifical Urbaniana University for three terms (1977–1980, 1980–1983, 1986–1988).
On 26 May 1988, Saraiva Martins was appointed Secretary of the Congregation for Catholic Education and titular archbishop of Thuburnica. He received his episcopal consecration from Cardinal Agostino Casaroli, with Archbishops Jan Pieter Schotte and Giovanni Battista Re serving as co-consecrators, on the following 2 July in the Basilica of Ss. XII Apostoli. On 30 May 1998, he was named Prefect of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints.
Pope John Paul made him Cardinal Deacon of Nostra Signora del Sacro Cuore in the consistory of 21 February 2001. Like all major Vatican officials he lost his position on 2 April 2005 on the death of the pope. He was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 2005 papal conclave that elected Pope Benedict XVI, who later confirmed him as prefect on 21 April 2005.
On 9 July 2008, Pope Benedict XVI accepted his resignation as prefect to be succeeded by Angelo Amato. On 24 February 2009, he was promoted to the order of cardinal bishops, with title of the suburbicarian see of Palestrina.
- Stanley, Alexandra (22 January 2001). "37 New Cardinals Selected by Pope; Egan is Elevated". New York Times. Retrieved 8 June 2018.
- "Rinunce e Nomine, 09.07.2008" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 9 July 2008. Retrieved 8 June 2018.
- "Rinunce e Nomine, 24.02.2009" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 24 February 2009. Retrieved 8 June 2018.
- "Saraiva Martins Card. José, C.M.F." Holy See Press Office. Archived from the original on 19 September 2016. Retrieved 24 November 2017.
|Catholic Church titles|
Antonio María Javierre Ortas
| Secretary of the Congregation for Catholic Education
26 May 1988 – 30 May 1998
Matthias N’Gartéri Mayadi
| Titular Archbishop of Thuburnica
26 May 1988 – 21 February 2001
Christopher Michael Cardone
| Prefect of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints
30 May 1998 – 9 July 2008
Mario Luigi Ciappi
| Cardinal-Deacon of Nostra Signora del Sacro Cuore
21 February 2001 – 24 February 2009
| Cardinal-Bishop of Palestrina
24 February 2009 –