1916 in Canada
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|Years in Canada:||1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919|
|Centuries:||19th century · 20th century · 21st century|
|Decades:||1880s 1890s 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s|
|Years:||1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919|
|Part of a series on the|
|History of Canada|
|By Provinces and Territories|
Events from the year 1916 in Canada.
- Governor General – Duke of Connaught and Strathearn (until November 11) then Victor Cavendish
- Prime Minister – Robert Borden
- Chief Justice – Charles Fitzpatrick (Quebec)
- Parliament – 12th
- Lieutenant Governor of Alberta – Robert Brett
- Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia – Francis Stillman Barnard
- Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba – Douglas Colin Cameron (until August 3) then James Albert Manning Aikins
- Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick – Josiah Wood
- Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia – David MacKeen (until November 13) then MacCallum Grant (from November 29)
- Lieutenant Governor of Ontario – John Strathearn Hendrie
- Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island – Augustine Colin Macdonald
- Lieutenant Governor of Quebec – Pierre-Évariste Leblanc
- Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan – Richard Stuart Lake
- Premier of Alberta – Arthur Sifton
- Premier of British Columbia – William John Bowser (until November 23) then Harlan Brewster
- Premier of Manitoba – Tobias Norris
- Premier of New Brunswick – George Johnson Clarke
- Premier of Nova Scotia – George Henry Murray
- Premier of Ontario – William Hearst
- Premier of Prince Edward Island – John Mathieson
- Premier of Quebec – Lomer Gouin
- Premier of Saskatchewan – Thomas Walter Scott (until October 20) then William Melville Martin
- Commissioner of Yukon – George Black (until October 13) then George Norris Williams (acting)
- Gold Commissioner of Yukon – George P. MacKenzie
- Commissioner of Northwest Territories – Frederick D. White
January to June
- January 28 – Women are given the right to vote in Manitoba, after protests by people such as Nellie McClung
- February 3 – The Centre Block of the Parliament Buildings in Ottawa burns down
- February 10 – An anti-German riot hits Calgary
- March 14 – Saskatchewan women get the vote
- April 19 – Alberta women get the vote
- June – Rodeo's first side-delivery chute is designed and made by the Bascom brothers on their Bar-B-3 Ranch at Welling, Alberta.
- May 7 – The Government of Canada authorizes the creation of an all black battalion that became No. 2 Construction Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force.
- June 1 – June 13 – WWI: Canadians fight in the Battle of Mont Sorrel
July to December
- July 1 – Prohibition of alcohol introduced in Alberta
- July 1 – November 18 25,000 Canadians and Newfoundlanders are casualties at the Battle of the Somme
- July 24 – Earl Bascom enters his first steer riding contest at Welling, Alberta.
- July 29 – The Matheson Fire in the region northwest of North Bay, Ontario, begins. It eventually kills between 200 and 250 people and destroys six towns, including Matheson and Cochrane
- August 11 – The 4th Canadian Division arrives in France
- October 20 – William M. Martin becomes premier of Saskatchewan, replacing Walter Scott
- November 23 – Harlan Brewster becomes premier of British Columbia, replacing William John Bowser
- December 1 – An Order in Council authorizes an increase of troops to 500,000 in the First World War
Full date unknown
- Victor Cavendish, 9th Duke of Devonshire becomes Governor General of Canada replacing Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught
- The National Research Council of Canada is established.
- The first Doukhobors arrive in Alberta
- Emily Murphy became the first female magistrate in Canada, and in the British Empire.
Arts and literature
- Lucy Maud Montgomery – The Watchman & Other Poems
- Max Aitken – Canada in Flanders
- Alfred Laliberté – Les petits Baigneurs
- March 30 – The National Hockey Association's Montreal Canadiens beat the Portland Rosebuds of the Pacific Coast Hockey Association 3 games to 2 to win their first Stanley Cup. All Games were played at the Montreal Arena
January to June
- January 22 – Bill Durnan, ice hockey player (d.1972)
- February 4 – Pudlo Pudlat, artist (d.1992)
- February 10 – Claude Bissell, author and educator (d.2000)
- February 18 – Jean Drapeau, lawyer, politician and Mayor of Montreal (d.1999)
- February 23 – Molly Kool, North America's first registered female sea captain (d.2009)
- March 10 – Davie Fulton, politician and judge (d.2000)
- April 18 – Ian Wahn, politician and lawyer (d.1999)
- April 27 – Myfanwy Pavelic, artist (d.2007)
- May 3 – Léopold Simoneau, lyric tenor (d.2006)
- May 4 – Jane Jacobs, urbanist, writer and activist (d.2006)
- May 30 – Jack Dennett, radio and television announcer (d.1975)
- June 20 – Jean-Jacques Bertrand, politician and 21st Premier of Quebec (d.1973)
July to December
- July 21 – Wilfred Cantwell Smith, professor of comparative religion (d.2000)
- August 1 – Anne Hébert, author and poet (d.2000)
- September 5 – Frank Shuster, comedian (d.2002)
- September 18 – Laura Sabia, social activist and feminist (d.1996)
- October 9 – Bill Allum, ice hockey player (d.1992)
- October 30 – Roy Brown Jr., car design engineer (Edsel, Ford Consul, Ford Cortina) (d.2013)
- November 17 – Martin J. Légère, businessman (d.2013)
- November 23 – P. K. Page, poet (d.2010)
- December 5 – Lomer Brisson, politician and lawyer (d.1981)
- December 7 – Margaret Carse, dancer
- December 16 – Harry Gunning, scientist and administrator (d.2002)
- December 20 – Michel Chartrand, activist (d.2010)
- December 23 – Ruth Dawson, artist
Full date unknown
- February 3 – Bowman Brown Law, politician (b.1855)
- May 12 – Joseph-Aldric Ouimet, politician (b.1848)
- May 29 – Louis-Alphonse Boyer, politician (b.1839)
- June 27 – Daniel Webster Marsh, businessman and Mayor of Calgary (b.1838)
- July 28 – Pierre-Amand Landry, lawyer, judge and politician (b.1846)
- August 8 – Edgar Dewdney, politician, Lieutenant Governor of Northwest Territories and Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia (b.1835)
- December 12 – Albert Lacombe, missionary (b.1827)
Full date unknown
- Prime Minister Borden appeals to Canadians for service abroad and at home.
- Moving description of Canadian involvement in Ypres Salient.
- Prime Minister Borden fires militia minister Lt. Gen. Sam Hughes for insubordination.
- Warning to Imperial Munitions Board head about Ross rifle's dangerous failings.
- Charles K. Clarke calls for small hospitals to treat veterans with "intense nervous troubles" that are rapidly curable.
- Arthur Pearson's letter praising soldier for his rapid progress adjusting to his blindness.
- 120th City of Hamilton Battalion recruiting advertisement.
- Cartoonist imagines soldier's vision of Christmas at home.
- Orderly in Canadian hospital brags about its superiority over British facilities, and his bandaging technique.
- Canadian nurse in Petrograd's Anglo-Russian Hospital enjoys much local culture.
- Canadian nurse serving in French army hospital gives poignant description of soldier's funeral.
- Renaming Berlin (Kitchener), Ont.: anti-change ad, and list of suggested new names.
- Senator objects to Ontario policy restricting education in French.
- Testimony regarding sale of Squamish land in Vancouver area.
- Scores killed as huge forest fire destroys northern Ontario towns.
- U.S.A. and U.K. sign agreement to conserve North American migratory birds.
- Political cartoon warns Western Canadian drinkers that prohibition is coming in 1916.
- "Canadian Research Institute for the Advancement of Women". Archived from the original on January 2, 2014.
- "Archived - Borden-Speeches-Ottawa, October 23, 1916-First Among Equals". www.nlc-bnc.ca.
- "World War I". website.nbm-mnb.ca.
- "Archived - Leading Canada-First Among Equals". www.collectionscanada.ca.
- Letter to Joseph Flavelle (July 20, 1916). Accessed 6 March 2020 (scroll down to "William E. Rundle")
- Testimony of Dr. Charles K. Clarke, "Minutes of Evidence" (March 23, 1916), Soldiers' Pensions; Proceedings of the House Special Committee[...., pgs. 32-5. Accessed 14 October 2020]
- "Arthur Pearson, Blinded Soldiers' and Sailors' Hostel, London (January 12, 1916). Accessed 6 March 2020".
- "120th City of Hamilton Battalion, Newspaper clipping, 18 March 1916 | Digital Collections @ Mac". digitalcollections.mcmaster.ca.
- "TimeLinks: The Soldier's Dream". www.mhs.mb.ca.
- R.A.L. (November 28, 1918). Chapin Ray, Anna (ed.). "Letters of a Canadian stretcher bearer". Little, Brown, and Company. Retrieved November 28, 2020.
- "Letter of Dorothy Cotton (April 5, 1916), pgs. 5-7. Accessed 6 March 2020".
- "Untitled". www.vlib.us.
- ""Are You in Favor of Changing the Name of This City? NO!!" Berlin Record".
- ""List of Suggestions of Names" Accessed 6 March 2020".
- Napoléon Antoine Belcourt, "Address [to Quebec Canadian Club[...]; Bilingualism" (March 28, 1916). Accessed 9 March 2020]
- "New Westminster Agency: Meeting with Inspector W.E. Ditchburn". gsdl.ubcic.bc.ca.
- "The Winnipeg Evening Tribune, 1916-07-31 (Page 1) | digitalcollections.lib.umanitoba.ca".
- United States Department of State, "Convention between the United States and Great Britain for the Protection of Migratory Birds," Papers Relating to the Foreign Relations of the United States[...December 5, 1916, pgs. 279-82. Accessed 10 March 2020]
- "TimeLinks: Prohibition in Western Canada in 1916". www.mhs.mb.ca.
- Media related to 1916 in Canada at Wikimedia Commons