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Starr 020925-0129 Boehmeria grandis.jpg
Boehmeria grandis
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Urticaceae
Tribe: Boehmerieae
Genus: Boehmeria
Type species
Boehmeria ramiflora
Jacq. 1760

47 species, see text

  • Duretia Gaudich. 1830 nom. nud.
  • Ramium Kuntze 1891 nom. illeg.
  • Splitbergera Miq. 1840

Boehmeria is a genus of 47 species of flowering plants in the nettle family Urticaceae. Of the species, 33 are indigenous to the Old World and 14 to the New World; no species is indigenous to both the Old and New Worlds. The species include herbaceous perennials, shrubs and small trees. Although related to the similar-looking species of the stinging nettles of genus Urtica, species of Boehmeria do not have stinging hairs. Because of the similarity in appearance, some species are commonly called "false nettles".

This genus is named in honor of the German botanist, Georg Rudolf Boehmer.

Fossil record[edit]

14 fossil fruits of †Boehmeria sibirica have been extracted from borehole samples of the Middle Miocene fresh water deposits in Nowy Sacz Basin, West Carpathians, Poland.[2]

Cultivation and uses[edit]

One species, ramie (Boehmeria nivea) is an important fibre crop. Some are also used as ornamental plants.

Boehmeria species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Bedellia boehmeriella, which feeds exclusively on B. grandis.


New World species[edit]

The following species are found in the New World:[1]

Old World species[edit]

The following species are found in the Old World:[3][4][5]


The following names have been synonymized:[4]


  1. ^ a b Wilmot-Dear CM, Friis I. (1996). The New World species of Boehmeria and Pouzolzia (Urticaceae, tribus Boehmerieae). A taxonomic revision. Opera Botanica. 129. Copenhagen, Denmark: Council for Nordic Publications in Botany. pp. 1–103. ISBN 87-88702-37-5.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  2. ^ Łańcucka-Środoniowa M.: Macroscopic plant remains from the freshwater Miocene of the Nowy Sącz Basin (West Carpathians, Poland) [Szczątki makroskopowe roślin z miocenu słodkowodnego Kotliny Sądeckiej (Karpaty Zachodnie, Polska)]. Acta Palaeobotanica 1979 20 (1): 3-117.
  3. ^ Wilmot-Dear, C.M.; Friis, I (2013). "The Old World species of Boehmeria (Urticaceae, tribus Boehmerieae). A taxonomic revision" (PDF). Blumea. 58 (2): 85–216. doi:10.3767/000651913X674116.
  4. ^ a b Wilmot-Dear, C.M.; Friis, I; Govaerts, R.H.A. (2014). "Nomenclatural corrections to the taxonomic revision of The Old World species of Boehmeria (Urticaceae, tribus Boehmerieae) by Wilmot-Dear & Friis (2013)" (PDF). Blumea. 59 (2): 95–97. doi:10.3767/000651914X684691.
  5. ^ Wilmot-Dear CM, Friis I, Thomas Z. (2010). "New Species in Old World Boehmeria (Urticaceae)". Edinburgh Journal of Botany. 67 (3): 431–450. doi:10.1017/S0960428610000144.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)

External links[edit]